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A smart streetlight is a public lighting fixture that incorporates technology, such as cameras, light-sensing photocells and other sensors, to introduce real-time monitoring functionalities.
The idea of street lighting control arose long ago, out of the struggle to manage a large number of light fixtures. A solution is needed to allow luminaires to be clustered together in fewer numbers and handled more efficiently in terms of switching, power outages, maintenance, etc. Therefore, lighting panel control and monitoring units (power cabinets, feeder posts) were invented and used to retrofit public lighting. This allows each light segment to be turned on manually. Later, controllers were installed on these lighting control units. They replace human intervention with an automated device that switches lights on and off.
Since then, street lighting needs to become more efficient, less energy-intensive, and less polluting. Thus, control systems have evolved to be "smart" by allowing light control and data collection. This is achieved by allowing segment-level and lamp-level control via the cabinet or luminaire controller, respectively.
Segment-controlled smart street light systems consist of clusters of up to 200 street lights that communicate with power cabinets for automatic on/off control. The feeder post receives data from the lights, manages the relevant data, and transmits it to a secure server, which stores it and displays it on the dashboard.
Individual lamp control is handled through a luminaire controller with lamp level functionality and intelligence and allows for on/off/dimming control or adaptive lighting. Luminaire controllers can also provide electrical parameter feedback, real-time fault reporting, and optional sensors for each lamp to measure light, motion, temperature, humidity, noise, and more. In addition, light position control keeps the lighting grid energized during the day, which allows the installation of other smart city applications: sensors, controllers, CCTV cameras, or communication equipment.
The main standards for luminaire control are 0-10, DALI1, and DALI2 (Digital Addressable Lighting Interface). It is important to ensure that the smart lighting controller is compatible with the control system of the light fixture. Common street light control systems include ZigBee and LoRa.
Additionally, some lighting controllers allow for further connections. Sensors for special functions can be added to the system, whether to deploy special lighting control features or to install additional, unrelated sensors. Adaptive lighting is one such example. Adaptive lighting requires the ability to dim the lights in real time when the presence (pedestrian or car) is detected. This requires (in addition to the technical capabilities of the controller) the addition of a motion sensor to the light pole, usually connected directly to the lighting controller.
While the capabilities of smart streetlights depend on the specific technology used by city planners, examples of common capabilities include the following: Dynamic lighting control based on motion detection; Environmental and weather monitoring; Digital signage that can be updated as needed, such as parking regulations or accident alerts; Parking management, such as alerting officers to illegally parked vehicles or drivers of open spaces; Extended cellular and wireless communications; Traffic management through real-time data feeds that track congestion and speed; Automatic emergency response in the event of a car accident or crime.
Implementing a smart street lighting system has the following advantages:
Reduce energy costs and usage with flexible dimming control;
Improve pedestrian satisfaction through improved safety measures;
Reduce repair and maintenance costs through monitoring software;
Reduce carbon emissions and light pollution;
Extend lamp life and reduce power outage response time;
Improve architectural planning based on real traffic patterns and insights;
Increase revenue opportunities, such as leasing utility poles for digital signage or other services.
While upgrading the lighting network has long-term value, there are some challenges. While smart street lights save money over time, the initial investment is large. Street lighting costs can account for more than 40% of a city's energy costs - although switching from halogen to basic LED fixtures can provide immediate cost savings of up to 80%.
This is a lighting renovation project in Slovakia Zoo 2020, using 110 pieces of 55W K series street lights with a Zigbee system to replace the original old lamps with a height of 6 meters, using the Zigbee system can be more convenient to control the work of the lamps, more energy-saving and environmentally friendly, visitors and staff expressed satisfaction with the lighting of the zoo and said that the light level makes them feel very comfortable.
The K series smart public light adopts the appearance design of the classic cobra head, which integrates with the surrounding environment. The modern design is equipped with a variety of intelligent controls: 1-10V dimming, DALI, daylight sensor, motion sensor, timer, and Zigbee. It is an excellent smart city street light.
|55W smart street light with Inventronics EBS driver 0-10V Dimming, Lumileds 3030 2D chips, 5 pin Nema Socket, dark grey||ZGSM-LD55KS||CCT: 3000K, type II||110pcs|
|55W Tool-less Parking lot Light||ENEC certified LED Road Street Light||120w Class II Modular Design Road light LED|
|120w Tool-less Outdoor Modern Street Lamp||ENEC 80w Economical LED Road Light||28W Cheap Price LED Road Light|
|LED Street Light Project in Czech||LED Street Light Project In Italy||LED Street Light Project In Greece|
|LED Street Light Project In Ukraine||LED Street Light Project in Saudi Arabia||LED Street Light Project in Norway|
There are solutions that can already be deployed together with modern intelligent street lighting systems such as electric vehicle charging stations, smart parking, public safety video monitoring, traffic management, broadband connectivity, etc. Smart street lighting is the backbone for the smart cities of the future.
Intelligent street lighting refers to public street lighting that adapts to movement by pedestrians, cyclists, and cars in a smart city. Also called adaptive street lighting, it brightens when sensing activity and dims when not. This is different from traditional stationary illumination, and that which dims on a timer.
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