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Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

Guide to Basketball Court Lighting Design

Lighting solutions such as halogen lamps and metal halide lamps have long been used. Traditional lighting is expensive in terms of money, energy, and maintenance. Also, this traditional lighting doesn't last long.    Switching to LED lights is a great option. This is because stadiums or courts require high wattage and high lumens. Using LED lights, it is easy to light up the court, and the light is evenly distributed to all corners, easily attracting the attention of spectators and players. This helps make playing basketball fun and convenient, whether it's outdoors or indoors.    In order to ensure that the court is well-lit, attention must be paid to the lighting design of the basketball court. In this article, we've created a guide to help you get your lighting design right.

Outdoor Commercial Basketball Court Lighting Design

Each type of court has different requirements when installing LED lighting on a basketball court. Whether you have a commercial, residential, recreational, or professional basketball court, make sure your lighting design is up to standard.    We focus on the lighting design of outdoor commercial basketball courts. take a look!

Outdoor Commercial Basketball Court Lighting Design

1. Light pole arrangement

Lamps are installed on light poles, and generally, 1 to 2 lights are installed on each light pole. This method is used for outdoor courts

Generally, a four-pole arrangement or six-pole arrangement is adopted. The light poles are placed as shown in the figure. The installation height of the lamps is greater than 7m, and floodlights are used to achieve better uniformity.

2. Surge protection and IP rating

The first thing that basketball court lighting needs to do is surge protection and IP rating. Surge protection is a critical factor for LED lights, as a sudden increase in power could damage the LED light or cause it to malfunction.

Imagine your LED lighting being damaged by a power surge. Not only does this affect the game in progress, but it can also damage your reputation. Therefore, it is recommended to purchase LED lights with surge protection.

Additionally, the Basketball Lighting Guidelines state that all LED basketball court lighting must have an IP rating. This is necessary because the lighting will be installed outdoors. Make sure it's durable and able to withstand all weather conditions; it has to be IP65.

3. Lux level

One of the factors you have to focus on is the lux level of the LED lighting. According to basketball court lighting standards, 200 lux is required for non-television events. The standard size of a basketball court averages 4700 square feet.

So this way you get 200 x 437 = 87,400 lumens to light up an outdoor basketball court for casual events or backyard events. If you need an estimate, please feel free to contact our experts at ZGSM.

4. Anti-glare

Another factor that should be considered when designing basketball court lighting is the anti-glare function. Strong glare is known to irritate athletes and spectators alike. This makes them uncomfortable and adversely affects the player's vision. This leads to poor performance of the players.

5. Lighting standard

For televised events, lighting design differs from non-televisioned events. If your basketball court will be hosting professional or televised games, then you must ensure that it is designed for broadcasting the games.

By standard, your stadium must have a brightness of 2000 lux. Another thing you have to keep in mind is the ratio between the maximum and minimum lux. Must not exceed 0.5. Other aspects you have to focus on are the color temperature and the CRI of the lighting. The CRI must be 90 and the color temperature should be between 5500 and 6000K.

6. Flicker-Free

Most basketball court lighting has a low-quality strobe below the camera. Cameras used in today's world are high-speed. To ensure that your lights provide the proper lighting for your broadcast, you must invest in high-quality lighting. LED lighting that supports at least 6000 fps video capture is recommended. The flicker rate should be less than 0.3%. This is because it cannot be detected by speed cameras.




Installation Manual_FloodLight_Zoom.pdf

Data Sheet_FloodLight_Zoom.pdf

Indoor basketball court lighting design

Gypsophila lights: lamps are arranged above the site, and the light beam is vertical to the site plane

Application: This method is mostly used in basketball training halls, or indoor venues of schools and factories, where the requirements for vertical illumination are not high.

The lighting design of indoor basketball courts is slightly different from that of outdoor basketball courts. One of the most important requirements is glare-free functionality. Indoor stadiums have reflective floors, which means intense glare can be a problem for both players and spectators. That's why indirect lighting is recommended. If the ceiling light is facing upwards, the court will be illuminated by reflected light, and the effect will be better. Keep in mind that you will need to install additional wattage LED lights to supplement the light absorbed by the ceiling. Here we recommend high bay lights.

Additionally, you must ensure that lux levels, color temperature, CRI, and other things comply with lighting standards.

Indoor basketball court lighting design

Installation Manual_HighBayLight_Helios.pdf

Data Sheet_ HighBayLight_Helios.pdf

How much does basketball court lighting cost?

Basketball court LED lighting is costly; however, it will prove to be cost-effective in the long run. Here's an idea of the cost of lighting a basketball court.

As a standard, 2000 lux is required for televised events or professional events. So, that means you're going to need 7000 watts of LED motion lights. 

The operating cost of LED lights for one hour is as follows: 7000W x $0.12 / 1000 = $0.84

If you leave the lights on for 8 hours a day, the cost is: $0.84 x 8 = $6.72     

For a month, the total cost of the LED lights is $200. Electricity bills will also be 10 times higher compared to halogen bulbs since halogen lamps are 10 times more energy efficient than LEDs (requiring 70,000W of halogen lamps). Top Reasons to Choose LED Lights for Basketball Courts

Investing in an LED light for your basketball court is a great option. That's because LED stadium lighting provides bright, high-quality light. It will evenly illuminate the entire court. Another great reason for installing LED motion lights is the ease of installation. This eliminates the need for wiring.

Advantages of installing LED lights on the basketball court.

1. Excellent cooling system

All sports lights have a system that captures the heat generated by the lights inside. It will damage the lamp and eventually you will have to replace the lamp. With LED lights, you don't have to worry about heat buildup. The LED light has an excellent heat dissipation system to ensure its long lifespan.

2. Longer life

LED lights are known to last a long time. This helps reduce maintenance and running costs compared to traditional light bulbs. That's because you don't need to replace LED lighting as often. The lifespan of the LED light is close to 100,000 hours. Depending on your usage, it can last longer. Unlike metal halide bulbs, LED lights do not lose brightness. So when you install LED lights, you won't have to spend money or time on maintenance.

3. Save energy

LED lights are energy efficient, which means the lights don't use a lot of energy. This is because they have bright chips. LED basketball court lighting has an energy efficiency of 140 lm/W. That's twice as fast as metal halide lamps. If you replace a 1000-watt metal halide light bulb, you will save nearly 50% on your electricity bill. Since less energy is consumed, brightness is not compromised.

4. Different power ranges

A big reason to choose LED sports lighting is its wide range of wattages. ZGSM Sport Lights are available in a variety of wattages from 40W to 1200W. Depending on how bright you need it, choose the LED light that best suits your needs. No matter what wattage LED light you choose, it will consume less energy due to its energy-saving properties.

5. 1:1 replacement

Another reason to choose LED lights is that they can easily replace your existing bulbs without any issues. LED lights will provide better brightness and illumination. Plus, LED lights consume less energy than traditional lights.

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People Also Ask

What Lights Are Used For A Basketball Courts?

Outdoor basketball courts utilize LED shoeboxes, LED flood lights, or high-mast LED flood lights. They are installed for lighting basketball courts in backyards, high schools, colleges, or parks. Because LED uses less energy, it is the greatest replacement for metal halide, halogen, HPS, mercury vapor, and fluorescent lamps.

How many lights do you need on a basketball court?

Both solutions use one light pole that comes with two LEDs, that is, a total of 12 basketball court lights (power: 200W) is required for professional basketball courts, and a total of 8 -12 basketball court lights (power: 200W/300W) are required for economic basketball courts.

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